In the first part of the book, Lipson outlines three core principles of academic honesty and explores how these principles inform all aspects of college work. He discusses plagiarism in detail, outlining an ingenious note-taking system and offering guidelines for quoting and paraphrasing. Careful attention is paid to online research, including the perils of "dragging and dropping" text without proper citation. These chapters include numerous tips, all highlighted for students, on how to work honestly and study effectively.
Note that this book was published in 2004. Consult the latest edition of your style guide when formatting citations.
Library research begins with a topic on which you want to find books, articles, and authoritative web documents:
1. Select a topic and scope it out in books and articles. Search WorldCat for books, articles and media on any topic, or search select specialized databases from the library's Subject Research Guides.
Academic Search Complete is a good general starting point for articles. It contains many peer reviewed sources. You can restrict searches to retrieve only articles that have been approved for publication by a panel of experts.
Librarians recommend that juniors, seniors, and graduate students who are:
- art, music and theatre majors explore Humanities International Complete, ARTstor, Oxford Music Online, and Classical Music Library.
- business majors find extended coverage in ABI Inform or Business Source Complete
- education majors also search Education Research Complete
- English majors consult Literature Resource Center, Literature Online, and the MLA International Bibliography
- physical education majors also search SportDiscus
- psychology majors search APA PsycNet
- science majors consider BioOne, Medline, CINAHL, and other peer reviewed sources listed on research guides for Biological and Natural Sciences and Nurse Education
- sociology majors search SocINDEX with Full Text
For statistics and polling data try ProQuest Statistical Insight, Polling the Nations, the Statistical Abstract of the United States, or the Virginia Statistical Abstract. Ask a reference librarian for sources of data on your topic or browse a subject research guide.
Professors may encourage you to view primary sources, such as historical documents or unpublished manuscripts. The Averett Library archives contain primary source materials on regional history. Librarians at the reference desk can help you locate reproductions of other primary source documents, many of which are available in digital libraries.
2. If your professor approves, include authoritative web sources (for example, at Google Scholar@Averett). Cite web sources when:
- author name and affiliation are displayed
- the information is accurate and conclusions are supported
- the author acknowledges the research and ideas of others
- the information addresses one or more aspects of your topic
- the web site does not indicate political or social bias (unless, of course, you are studying media bias)
- you have gathered a variety of sources (books, articles, data or statistics, and web sites)
3. As you select sources most pertinent to your research topic:
- Read them carefully and make notes on what you learn.
- Highlight or transcribe exact quotes and ideas you want to paraphrase.
- Record a full citation for each source, and page numbers for each "in text" reference.
- Include your own thoughts and perspectives on the source, keeping in mind that 90% of your paper should consist of your own words, and no more than 10% direct quotes from external sources.
- Take care to cite all sources quoted in or supporting your narrative. This will allow your readers to consult the same information you found helpful.
For assistance with research sources, contact the Library Reference Desk (791-5696, 800-543-9440, firstname.lastname@example.org). For help in designing and writing your paper, contact your professor or peer tutors in the Averett Writing Center.